Milestone Map

What Most Babies Do By  2 Months  Age:

Social and Emotional

Language/Communication

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

Movement/Physical Development

Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 2 months of age:
  • Does not respond to loud sounds
  • Does not watch things as they move
  • Does not smile at people
  • Does not bring hands to mouth
  • Cannot hold head up when pushing up when on tummy


What Most Babies Do By  4 Months  Of Age:

Social and Emotional

Language/Communication

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

Movement/Physical Development

Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 4 months of age:
  • Does not watch things as they move
  • Does not smile at people
  • Cannot hold head steady
  • Does not coo or make sounds
  • Does not bring things to mouth
  • Does not push down with legs when feet are placed on a hard surface
  • Has trouble moving one or both eyes in all directions


What Most Babies Do By  6 Months  Of Age:

Social and Emotional

Language/Communication

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

Movement/Physical Development

Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 6 months of age:
  • Does not try to get things that are in reach
  • Shows no affection for caregivers
  • Does not respond to sounds around him
  • Has difficulty getting things to mouth
  • Does not make vowel sounds such as “ah”, “eh”, “oh”
  • Does not roll over in either direction
  • Does not laugh or make squealing sounds
  • Seems very stiff with tight muscles
  • Seems very floppy like a rag doll


What Most Babies Do By  9 Months  Of Age:

Social and Emotional

Language/Communication

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

Movement/Physical Development

Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 9 months of age:
  • Does not bear weight on legs with support
  • Does not sit with help
  • Does not babble such as “mama”, “dada”
  • Does not play any games involving back-and-forth play
  • Does not respond to own name
  • Does not seem to recognize familiar people
  • Does not look where you point
  • Does not transfer toys from one hand to the other


What Most Toddlers Do By  12 Months  Of Age:

Social and Emotional

  • Is shy or nervous with strangers
  • Cries when mom or dad leaves
  • Has favorite things and people
  • Shows fear in some situations
  • Hands you a book when he wants to hear a story
  • Repeats sounds or actions to get attention
  • Puts out arm or leg to help with dressing
  • Plays games such as “peek-a-boo” and “pat-a-cake”

Language/Communication

  • Responds to simple spoken requests
  • Uses simple gestures, like shaking head “no” or waving “bye-bye”
  • Makes sounds with changes in tone
  • Says “mama” and “dada” and exclamations like “uh-oh!”
  • Tries to say words you say

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

  • Explores things in different ways such as shaking, banging, throwing
  • Finds hidden things
  • Looks at the right picture or thing when it is named
  • Copies gestures
  • Starts to use things correctly such as drinks from a cup, brushes hair
  • Bangs two things together
  • Puts things in a container, takes things out of a container
  • Can put and pick up object such as rattle, blanket
  • Pokes with index (pointer) finger
  • Follows simple directions such as “pick up the toy”

Movement/Physical Development

  • Gets into a sitting position without help
  • Pulls up to stand, walks holding on to furniture (“cruising”)
  • May take a few steps without holding on
  • May stand alone
Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 12 months of age:
  • Does not crawl
  • Cannot stand when supported
  • Does not search for things that she sees you hide
  • Does not say single words like “mama” or “dada”
  • Does not learn gestures like waving or shaking head
  • Does not point to things
  • Loses skills he once had


What Most Toddlers Do By  18 Months  Of Age:

Social and Emotional

  • Likes to hand things to others as play
  • May have temper tantrums
  • May be afraid of strangers
  • Shows affection to familiar people
  • Plays simple pretend such as feeding a doll
  • May cling to caregivers in new situations
  • Points to show others something interesting
  • Explores alone but with parent close by

Language/Communication

  • Says several single words
  • Says and shakes head “no”
  • Points to show someone what he wants

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

  • Knows what ordinary things are for such as telephone, brush, spoon
  • Points to get the attention of others
  • Shows interest in a doll or stuffed animal by pretending to feed
  • Points to one body part
  • Scribbles on his own
  • Can follow one-step verbal commands without any gestures such

    as sits when you say “sit down”

Movement/Physical Development

  • Walks alone
  • May walk up steps and run
  • Pulls toys while walking
  • Can help undress herself
  • Drinks from a cup
  • Eats with a spoon
Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 18 months of age:
  • Does not point to show things to others
  • Cannot walk
  • Does not know what familiar things are for
  • Does not copy others
  • Does not gain new words
  • Does not have at least six words
  • Does not notice or mind when a caregiver leaves or returns
  • Loses skills he once had


What Most Toddlers Do By  2 Years  Of Age:

Social and Emotional

  • Likes to hand things to others as play
  • May have temper tantrums
  • May be afraid of strangers
  • Shows affection to familiar people
  • Plays simple pretend such as feeding a doll
  • May cling to caregivers in new situations
  • Points to show others something interesting
  • Explores alone but with parent close by

Language/Communication

  • Says several single words
  • Says and shakes head “no”
  • Points to show someone what he wants

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

  • Knows what ordinary things are for such as telephone, brush, spoon
  • Points to get the attention of others
  • Shows interest in a doll or stuffed animal by pretending to feed
  • Points to one body part
  • Scribbles on his own
  • Can follow one-step verbal commands without any gestures such as

    sits when you say “sit down”

Movement/Physical Development

  • Walks alone
  • May walk up steps and run
  • Pulls toys while walking
  • Can help undress herself
  • Drinks from a cup
  • Eats with a spoon

Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 2 years of age:
  • Does not point to show things to others
  • Cannot walk
  • Does not know what familiar things are for
  • Does not copy others
  • Does not gain new words
  • Does not have at least six words
  • Does not notice or mind when a caregiver leaves or returns
  • Loses skills he once had


What Most Toddlers Do By  3 years  Of Age:

Social and Emotional

  • Copies adults and friends
  • Shows affection for friends without prompting
  • Takes turns in games
  • Shows concern for crying friend
  • Understands the idea of “mine”, “his”, “hers”
  • Shows a wide range of emotions
  • Separates easily from mom and dad
  • May get upset with major changes in routine
  • Dresses and undresses self

Language/Communication

  • Follows instructions with two or three steps
  • Can name most familiar things
  • Understands words such as “in”, “on”, “under”
  • Says first name, age, and gender
  • Names a friend
  • Says words such as I, me, we, you, and some plurals such as cars,

    dogs, cats

  • Talks well enough for strangers to understand most of the time
  • Carries on a conversation using two-to-three word sentences

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

  • Can work toys with buttons, levers, and moving parts
  • Plays make-believe with dolls, animals, and people
  • Does puzzles with three or four pieces
  • Understands what the word two means
  • Copies a circle with pencil or crayon
  • Turns book pages one at a time
  • Builds towers of more than six blocks
  • Screws and unscrews jar lids or turns door handle

Movement/Physical Development

  • Climbs well
  • Runs easily
  • Pedals a tricycle (three-wheel bike)
  • Walks up and down stairs, one foot on each step
Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 3 years of age:
  • Falls down a lot or has trouble with stairs
  • Drools or has very unclear speech
  • Cannot work simple toys such as peg boards, simple puzzles, turning handles
  • Does not speak in sentences
  • Does not understand simple instructions
  • Does not play pretend or make-believe
  • Does not want to play with other children or with toys
  • Does not make eye contact
  • Loses skills he once had


What Most Toddlers Do By  4 years  Of Age:

Social and Emotional

  • Enjoys doing new things
  • Plays “mom” and “dad”
  • Is more and more creative with make-believe play
  • Would rather play with other children than by himself
  • Cooperates with other children
  • Often cannot tell what is real and what is make-believe
  • Talks about what she likes and what she is interested in

Language/Communication

  • Knows some basic rules of grammar, such as correctly using “he”, “she”
  • Sings a song or says a poem from memory such as the “Itsy Bitsy Spider”, the “Wheels on the Bus”
  • Tells stories
  • Can say first and last name

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

  • Names some colors and some numbers
  • Understands the idea of counting
  • Starts to understand time
  • Remembers parts of a story
  • Understands the idea of “same” and “different”
  • Draws a person with two-to-four body parts
  • Uses scissors
  • Starts to copy some capital letters
  • Plays board or card games
  • Tells you what he thinks is going to happen next in a book

Movement/Physical Development

  • Hops and stands on one foot up to two seconds
  • Catches a bounced ball most of the time
  • Pours, cuts with supervision, and mashes own food
Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 4 years of age:
  • Cannot jump in place
  • Has trouble scribbling
  • Shows no interest in interactive games or make-believe
  • Ignores other children or does not respond to people outside the family
  • Resists dressing, sleeping, and using the toilet
  • Cannot retell a favorite story
  • Does not follow three-part commands
  • Does not understand “same” and “different”
  • Does not use “me” and “you” correctly
  • Speaks unclearly
  • Loses skills he once had


What Most Toddlers Do By  5 Years  Of Age:

Social and Emotional

  • Wants to please friends
  • Wants to be like friends
  • More likely to agree with rules
  • Likes to sing, dance, and act
  • Shows concern and sympathy for others
  • Is aware of gender
  • Can tell what is real and what is make-believe
  • Shows more independence such as visiting a neighbor by himself,
    with adult supervision

Language/Communication

  • Speaks very clearly
  • Tells a simple story using full sentences
  • Uses future tense such as “Grandma will be here tomorrow”
  • Says name and address

Cognitive (learning, thinking, problem-solving)

  • Counts ten or more things
  • Can draw a person with at least six body parts
  • Can print some letters or numbers
  • Copies a triangle and other geometric shapes
  • Knows about things used every day such as money and food
Movement/Physical Development

  • Stands on one foot for ten seconds or longer
  • Hops and may be able to skip
  • Can do a somersault
  • Uses a fork and spoon and sometimes a table knife
  • Can use the toilet on her own
  • Swings and climbs
Talk to your child’s doctor or call PIC if your child at 5 years of age:
  • Does not show a wide range of emotions
  • Shows extreme behavior such as unusually fearful, aggressive, shy, or sad
  • Unusually withdrawn and not active
  • Is easily distracted and has trouble focusing on one activity for more than five minutes
  • Does not respond to people or responds only superficially
  • Cannot tell what is real and what is make-believe
  • Does not play a variety of games and activities
  • Cannot give first and last name
  • Does not use plurals or past tense properly
  • Does not talk about daily activities or experiences
  • Does not draw pictures
  • Cannot brush teeth, wash and dry hands, or get undressed without help
  • Loses skills he once had
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